When he was a young man of 21, he turned his attention away from the study of medicine to making an Arctic passage. In 1897 Amundsen was chosen as the first mate on the Belgica, the ship that would carry the first Belgian Antarctic expedition under the command of Adrien Gerlache de Gomery (1866–1934). ...On this day in 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. He was also one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. Amundsen spent 99 days racing Robert Scott, an English naval officer, to the South Pole. This was the same news that Amundsen would hear as he was preparing to make the North Pole. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was first to reach the South Pole, in December 1911. Let's find possible answers to "First person to reach the South Pole" crossword clue. … 14th December – Roald Amundsen (Norway) first person to reach the South Pole. Disputes over the credit for the flight embittered his final years. Ernest Shackleton led the British Imperial Antarctic Expedition in an effort to be the first to reach the South Pole. Many features only work on your mobile device. American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. Amundsen got there first by a different route, just one month ahead. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. He decided to adapt to the lifestyle of the native Inuit people. Americans weren’t far behind: John Davis, a sealer and explorer, was the first person to step foot on Antarctic land in 1821. Roald Amundsen, in full Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen, (born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Norway—died June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean), Norwegian explorer who was the first to reach the South Pole, the first to make a ship voyage through the Northwest Passage, and one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ernest-Henry-Shackleton Amundsen had planned to be the first man to the North Pole, however when he heard that Robert Peary already reached the North Pole, he decided to pursue the South Pole. TheBlueFox TheBlueFox The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, in 1911. Looking for something else? His 1926 air expedition to the North Pole came 17 years after Robert E. Peary became the first man to reach it (this is open to debate according to historians). If there’s one thing about the North Pole everyone agrees on is that Roald Amundsen (of South Pole fame) was the first to ever reach it by airship in 1926. 1912: On January 18, Robert F. Scott, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans and Lawrence Oates reach the South Pole.Unfortunately, Amundsen had already been there and left a flag marking the spot. He reached Cape Colborne (in present-day Nunavut) in August 1905, completing his transit of the passage proper, before ice halted his westerly progress for the winter at Herschel Island in the Yukon the following month. Scott, in the meantime, had reached the South Pole on January 17, but on a difficult return journey he and all his men perished. In 1928 Roald Amundsen lost his life flying to rescue Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, whom he had accompanied in a dirigible flight over the North Pole in 1926, from a dirigible crash at sea near Spitsbergen, Norway. Amundsen’s desire to be an Arctic explorer had been with him almost his entire life. Amundsen named his camp Polheim and the entire plateau surrounding the Pole King Haakon VII Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. … Lawrence Oates. He would travel using sled dogs, he built igloos, and wore heavy fur. Question: Who was the first person to reach the South Pole? He was the first explorer to transit the Northwest Passage (1903–05), the first to reach the South Pole (1911), and the first to fly over the North Pole in an airship (1926). Roald Amundsen, the first person to reach the South Pole – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock Also on board was the American Dr. Frederick Cook (1865–1940), who had been on one of Robert E. Peary’s (1856–1920) earlier Arctic expeditions and who would, in 1909, dispute Peary’s claim that he was the first to reach the North Pole. In 1903 Roald Amundsen and his crew aboard the sloop Gjøa began a mission to sail through the Northwest Passage and around the northern Canadian coast. When Amundsen left Norway in June 1910 no one but his brother knew that he was heading for the South Pole instead of the North. They reached Cape Colborne (in present-day Nunavut) in August 1905, overwintered at Herschel Island in the Yukon, and arrived in Nome, Alaska, in August 1906 to a heroes’ welcome. His 1926 air expedition to the North Pole came 17 years after Robert E. Peary became the first man to reach it (this is open to debate according to historians). Before earning this distinction, he had achieved another first—sailing the Northwest Passage (from 1903 to 1906). As a teen, he is said to have slept with his bedroom windows open year-round in order to become accustomed to the cold. Like many other explorers, Amundsen said he was inspired by Fridtjof Nansen, who led the first team to reach the interior of Greenland. Looking for something else? In 1926, with Ellsworth and the Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, he passed over the North Pole in a dirigible, crossing from Spitsbergen (now Svalbard), north of Norway, to Alaska. During the 19thCentury, many explorers used European methods of exploring. Terribly discouraged after a tortuous journey, all members perish on the return trip. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Roald-Amundsen, Public Broadcasting Service - Alone on the Ice - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Famous Explorers - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Royal Museums Greenwich - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Roald Amundsen - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Roald Amundsen - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Roald Amundsen is the person called first person to reach the south pole. First of all, we will look for a few extra hints for this entry: First person to reach the South Pole. In 1928 Amundsen lost his life in flying to rescue Nobile from a dirigible crash near Spitsbergen. On this day in 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. He was the first person to reach both the North and South Poles. Roald Amundsen and Robert Scott were locked in a desperate race to reach the South Pole first. They flew from St. John’s, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. The first person to reach the South Pole was Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, said Ross MacPhee, a curator in the American Museum of Natural History in New York and author of Race To the End: Amundsen, Scott, and the Attainment of the South Pole (Sterling Publishing, 2010). In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. The base he set up there was 60 miles (100 km) closer to the pole than the Antarctic base of the English explorer Robert Falcon Scott, who was heading a rival expedition with the same goal. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. Race to the pole. Finding the North Pole is tricky. Answer: Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was the first person to reach the South Pole and to sail around the world through the Northwest passage. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What were the circumstances that surrounded Roald Amundsen’s death? He reached the top of Everest in May 1953, summited the South Pole in January 1958, and made it to the North Pole in company with Neil Armstrong in April 1985. They flew in a First … Unlike the South Pole, which lies on a land mass, the North Pole is actually in a vast sea covered by floating ice. Finding the North Pole is tricky. This achievement whetted his appetite for the spectacular in polar exploration. He reached the Bay of Whales in the vessel Fram. Behind the News. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This is a web preview of the "The Handy History Answer Book" app. 14th December – Roald Amundsen (Norway) first person to reach the South Pole. This clue was last seen on Daily Celebrity Crossword September 8 2018 In case the clue doesn’t fit or there’s something wrong please contact us! He acquired a new ship, the Maud, and tried in 1918 to complete his old plan of drifting across the North Pole, but he was forced to abandon this scheme in favour of trying to reach the North Pole by airplane. The first dogs to reach the South Pole as well as the first men Polar transport Key to Amundsen's success in reaching the South Pole first was the effective use of dog teams, enough teams of the correct types of dogs, enough of the right kind of food for them and enough team members who were skilled in operating the teams. crossword clue. In the early 1910s, explorers Roald Amundsen and Robert Falcon Scott engaged in a frantic, and ultimately tragic, race to be the first man to reach the South Pole. 1912: On January 18, Robert F. Scott, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans and Lawrence Oates reach the South Pole.Unfortunately, Amundsen had already been there and left a flag marking the spot. With funds resulting from his Antarctic adventure, Amundsen established a successful shipping business. 1911 – South Pole. His drive must have come from other sources as well. His expedition was a success, with five of the mission/expedition (Amundsen, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel and Oscar Wisting) arriving at the pole on December 14, 1911, beating Robert Falcon Scott (another English explorer) and his ill-fated party by thirty-five days.They left a small tent … In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. Looking for something else? However, the next overland expedition to the South Pole was not made until 1958, more than 40 years after Amundsen and Scott's deadly race. What’s more, he was the first person to lead an expedition to traverse the Northwest Passage in the Arctic. Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer who became the first man to reach the South Pole when he successfully led an Antarctic expedition to the dangerous terrain on which no man had set foot previously. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. Roald Amundsen becomes first explorer to reach the South Pole Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. It was not until 10 months later, on December 14, 1911, on a sunny afternoon, that they raised their country’s flag at the spot their calculations told them was the South Pole. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The South Pole was first reached at 11 a.m. on 14 December 1911 by a Norwegian party of five men led by Captain Roald Amundsen (Norway, 1872-1928), after a 53-day march with dog sledges from the Bay of Whales. 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