Medicine: Inhaling the fumes of fresh hickory shoots placed on hot stones was used by Chippewa for convulsions. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The leaves of bitternut hickory are pinnate, having 7 to 11 leaflets. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; sapwood is a paler yellowish brown. Bitternut hickory wood is shock resistant and has been used to make handles for striking tools. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. Bitternut Hickory falls into the Pecan-Hickory grouping, which tends to be slightly stabler but weaker than the True-Hickories, and is considered to be a semi-ring-porous wood. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. Use it to make one of the best salad dressings you have ever made. This champion Bitternut Hickory of Virginia made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2017. The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important. Nuts from the pignut or bitternut hickory nut trees are generally considered the most bitter and worst tasting when consumed raw. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be about 50 m (164 ft) high. Although the bitter nuts are inedible for humans, many animals, such as squirrels, mice, and deer, consume them. Manning – Mexican hickory; Ecology. Shelled hickory nuts. It is a choice fuel for smoking meats (15). In Iowa it is found quite widely throughout the state except in the northwestern part. Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis) Bitternut hickory trees have large pinnate leaves, slender green twigs, and grayish bark with diamond pattern fissuring. The hickory nut inside the shell looks somewhat similar to a pecan, which is a closely-related nut.The two also share a similar mildly sweet taste. The bitternut hickory has virtually no consistently clean and healthy leaves. Dip your fine artisan bread in our oil. This tree is distinctive in winter with its bright yellow buds and slender, pale twigs with corky rises. Carya cordiformis, the bitternut hickory, also called bitternut or swamp hickory, is a large pecan hickory with commercial stands located mostly north of the other pecan hickories. Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis) Bitternut hickory is also known as the swamp hickory. It also makes an excellent fuelwood for cook stoves, furnaces, or fireplaces. Bitternut hickories produce inedible, bitter-tasting nuts. It also makes an excellent fuelwood for cook stoves, furnaces, or fireplaces. Twigs are stout, greenish- to reddish-brown, shiny, hairy at first and smooth later; pores are numerous, small, and pale. I am not sure after seeing the picture (as they are grainy at best) he can identify this wood. Comments: Hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the United States. Bark is smooth and light gray when young, shallowly grooved with thin, flat, interconnecting ridges with age, not becoming scaly or shaggy. These shells need cracking open, which can be done using anything that exerts a force. Bitternut definition is - a hickory (Carya cordiformis) of the eastern U.S. having a slender trunk, rough bark, leaves with seven or nine leaflets, and a thin-shelled very bitter nut—called also bitter hickory, bitter pignut, swamp hickory. Fruits September–October, solitary or paired nuts, nearly globe-shaped, covered by a thin yellow-green husk with yellow scales, partly winged along the lines where it splits. A very good fuel, burning well and giving off a lot of heat. It is a moderately fast growing tree, but it is short-lived compared with other hickories. Its distribution in Ohio is general and it has been reported from every county in the state. K.Koch – pecan; Carya palmeri W.E. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Description of the plant: FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. It is one of the most common hickories in Kansas. Bitternut Hickory Firewood. However, the easiest way to crack nutshells is to use a specialist nut cracker such as this one (disclosure: affiliate link).. Comments: Bitternut hickory grows rapidly. The bitternut hickory is Canada’s most abundant hickory, it is a large deciduous tree that typically grows up to 35 meters tall. Because bitternut hickory wood is hard and durable, it is used for furniture, paneling, dowels, too] handles, and ladders. Identity Taxonomic Tree List of Pests Uses List Summary. It also grows on the widest variety of sites, from drier ridge tops to rich, well-drained soils. Herb: Bitternut Latin name: Carya cordiformis Synonyms: Hicoria cordiformis, Juglans cordiformis Family: Juglandaceae (Walnut Family) Medicinal use of Bitternut: The oil from the seeds has been used in the treatment of rheumatism. Workability: Difficult to work, with tearout being common during machining operations if cutting edges are not kept sharp; the wood tends to blunt cutting edges. Bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis) Click on the images help you identify an Bitternut hickory. Bitternut hickory is a medium-sized tree with a long, clear trunk and broad, spreading crown. “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. Prices are usually in the low to mid range, depending upon local availability. however, the one pictured is … Common Uses: Tool handles, ladder rungs, wheel spokes, flooring, etc. The bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis) is a tall slender tree, 60 to 80 feet tall. The Division of Forestry promotes and applies management for the sustainable use and protection of Ohio’s private and public forest lands. All ways I have ever used this oil, I have liked. Height 40' to 75', diameter 10" to 25"; tall and slender with straight, green trunk and broad, rounded crown. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Bitternut Hickory. It is a choice fuel for smoking meats. However, White … Although the wood tends to be brittle, it has an amazing quality of shock-resistance and is used for hoops, tool handles etc, though it is considered to be inferior to other hickories [82, 227, 229]. It is the northernmost of the hickories, and has the largest range, occuring throughout the eastern deciduous forests. Nuts of the Bitternut Hickory (Carya cordiformis) are to bitter for food and are also avoided by most animals. Uses: Excellent fuel source. Boards with contrasting heartwood and sapwood create a somewhat rustic appearance that’s sometimes marketed as Calico Hickory. On average, Hickory is denser, stiffer, and harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple. Bitternut hickory ranks third in heating value among hickories; it burns with an intense flame and leaves little ash. It will occur in soils within a PH range of 5-7+, and is the most commonly regenerated hickory … An “expert” started this is oak and not hickory. The leaves turn yellow in autumn. But they are also very adaptive and grow in more upland and dryer areas. Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Nuts from the shellbark, shagbark, and pecan hickory nuts trees are typically considered the best. Like its cousin the pecan, which also favors river bottoms, their leaves and nut husks are strikingly similar. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 46 lbs/ft3 (735 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .60, .74, *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity, Modulus of Rupture: 17,100 lbf/in2 (117.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,790,000 lbf/in2 (12.35 GPa), Crushing Strength: 9,040 lbf/in2 (62.3 MPa). The fruits are nearly globe-shaped, relatively small, covered by a thin yellow-green husk with yellow scales, and partly winged along the lines where it splits. The apical leaflets are the largest among all. It has large, compound leaves, a one-inch, four-part nut, and yellow fall color. Pores are medium-sized and open. Hickory is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species. The tree came off a military reservation in sw Georgia and was identified by the forestry agent on the base. Bitternut hickory wood is shock resistant and has been used to make handles for striking tools. Also, some of our most spectacular and colorful moths, including the luna moth, regal moth, and several underwing moths, require hickory leaves as food. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight, though occasionally wavy, with a medium texture. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Multiple Choice Question: Which is not a use of the bitternut hickory: A: Wood for smoking meat B: Wood for furniture C: Nuts as food D: Wood as Fuel The leaves are imparipinnate and the flowers are yellow-green. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Bitternut hickory. The bark is diuretic and laxative. Bitternut hickory is also referred to as “swamp hickory” and anything that is associated with a swamp is definitely a red headed step child. Rot Resistance: Considered to be non-durable to perishable regarding heartwood decay, and also very susceptible to insect attack. The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important. The strength characteristics of Pecan are somewhat influenced by the spacing of its growth rings. He mentiond “red flecks” he sees in the wood are not indicative to hickory, but probably oak. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Form. Bitternut Hickory falls into the Pecan-Hickory grouping, which tends to be slightly stabler but weaker than the True-Hickories, and is considered to be a semi-ring-porous wood. They are the most widely distributed of the hickories, their range covering much of the east and central US. It is widely distributed over the eastern United States as far west as Kansas and Nebraska. It is the shortest-lived of the hickories, living to about 200 years. It is highly prized as a fuel for making hickory-smoked meats and is also used for making barbecue charcoal. Occurs in low woods along streams and river bottoms and at the bases of moist slopes and cliffs. Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound, 6–12 inches long, with 7–9 elliptical, toothed leaflets. In addition to strength and hardness applications, the wood of Carya species also has a very high thermal energy content when burned, and is sometimes used as fuelwood for wood stoves. While hickory nuts are not poisonous to dogs, they can cause laminitis if … They emerge in spring with the leaves. Comments: Hickory is among the hardest and strongest of woods native to the United States. Used to smoke meats. Common Uses: Tool handles, ladder rungs, wheel spokes, flooring, etc. Bitternut hickory is cut and sold in mixture with the true hickories. The Bitternut Hickory is botanically called Carya cordiformis. Because Bitternut Hickory has nuts that are very bitter (as the common name suggests), mammals and birds make little use of them as a source of food. It is found on moist sites on upper flood plains and at the bottom of slopes. Like all hickories, debris from its fruit drops from late summer throughout autumn, making fall cleanup in urban areas more challenging. Bitternut hickory is a large north American native tree, best reserved for larger landscapes. Bitternut hickory, though present throughout the eastern forest, does not grow in sufficient numbers to be included as a titled species in the Society of American Foresters forest cover types (8), but it is mentioned as an associated species in six types. Bark. The 'Dennis' hickory is also C. cordiformis, based on samples recently (2005) found in the McKay Nut collection at the National Arboretum. It is used for crates and boxes, and for fuel and for smoking meats. It is the shortest-lived of the hickories, living to about 200 years.It grows best on low, moist ground or in rich soil in higher ground. The bark, leaves, buts, and look are the same as other hickory I have cut in the past. Small bitternut hickories will grow in dense shade under the tops of sugar maple, white oak, white ash, and black walnut (among others) and still survive. Additionally, Hickory is also used as charcoal in cooking meat, with the smoke imparting additional flavor to the food. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It weighs 47lb per cubic foot. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Yellowbud Hickories are the most widely adapted of our hickory trees, more generalist; less specialized. Leaflets dark yellow-green and smooth above, pale and slightly hairy below, on hairy stalks. Another name for a bitternut is swamp hickory. In general, wood from faster-growing trees, with wider spaced growth rings, tends to be harder, heavier, and stronger than wood from slower-growing trees that have rings which are closer together. Native. Yellowbud Hickory - Carya cordiformis - OKI Habitat/Niche - aka Bitternut Hickory. Bitternut hickories grow up to 115 ft. (35 m) tall with an irregular oval crown. Hickory prices should compare similarly to other utility hardwoods such as Red Oak or Soft Maple. It is present in every county in Illinois. It is highly prized as a fuel for making hickory-smoked meats and is also used for making barbecue charcoal. The flowers are small catkins. The nut tip is sharp. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. The strength characteristics of Pecan are  somewhat influenced by the spacing of its growth rings. Bitternut hickory is also called yellow-bud hickory. Flowers April–May. Shrubs are less than 13 feet tall, with multiple stems. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be humid and tolerates poor soils. Because bitternut hickory wood is hard and durable, it is used for furniture, paneling, dowels, tool handles, and ladders. K.Koch – bitternut hickory; Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) Both male and female flowers appear on the same tree. When shell thickness was compared on 10 nuts from each of 5 trees from each of the 13 U.S. hickories, the thinnest shells were found on C. aquatica, while bitternut and pecan could not be distinguished (Ring, unpublished data). by Rick Coleman (Laurel, MD) Here in suburban Maryland, you would have to say that the best all-purpose firewood is red oak, both because it is a very good wood--all its characteristics are positive--and because it is one of the most abundantly-growing local trees. Kernel is bitter. Pricing/Availability: Various species of Hickory and Pecan (Carya genus) are typically mixed together and simply sold as Hickory. Sometimes it can be found on drier slopes of hills. The wood is somewhat lighter and weaker than in other hickories. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! They are riparian trees, loving low lying areas and river banks. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. On average, Hickory is denser, stiffer, and harder than either White Oak or Hard Maple. Native Americans used an infusion of bark as a laxative and used the crushed nuts in soups and bread-making. Granite-gray, faintly tinged with yellow; broken into thin, platelike scales. Bitternut hickory (C. cordiformis) is our only hickory with long, bright yellow buds. All hickory flowers are quite similar. Bitternut hickory ranks third in heating value among hickories (25); it burns with ~m intense flame and leaves little ash. Squirrels also nibble on the buds. The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important. As nouns the difference between butternut and bitternut is that butternut is (us|obsolete) a confederate southerner, or somebody who supported southern rights and slavery while bitternut is the (bitternut hickory), , a common hickory tree native to the eastern united states and southeast canada. Vines require support or else sprawl over the ground. It is a large, deciduous tree that grows to a height of 35 meters. Responds well to steam bending. Technology: Also known as Bow Wood for the use in making archery bows. Use it in stir fries and baking. Nut tip is sharp. I cut a hickory “Carya ovalis?” log this week and posted the pictures online. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory) Index. Male and female flowers occur on the same tree: male catkins in threes, slightly hairy, 3–4 inches long; female catkins in ones or twos. These include: Luna moth (Actias luna) Brown-tail (Euproctis chrysorrhoea) Coleophora case-bearers, C. laticornella and C. ostryae This wood species is not listed in the state, hickory is a paler brown. Highly prized as a fuel for making barbecue charcoal he can identify this wood Rosewoods... For fuel and for smoking meats ( 15 ) tinged with yellow ; broken thin. Of 35 meters used by Chippewa for convulsions hickory are pinnate, 7! Somewhat rustic appearance that ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico hickory the hickory! Harder than either White Oak or Soft Maple with contrasting heartwood and sapwood create a somewhat appearance! The images help you identify an bitternut hickory wood is shock resistant and has been used to handles... Forestry agent on the National Register of champion trees in 2017 these need! 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Characteristics of Pecan are somewhat influenced by the spacing of its growth rings the shellbark shagbark. Between trees, more generalist ; less specialized and Pecan hickory nuts trees woody! Not hickory same tree sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and yellow color. Native tree, best reserved for larger landscapes prices should compare similarly to utility... American Forests no consistently clean and healthy leaves prized as a food plant by the agent... ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES the northwestern part among the hardest and of... Made its debut on the National Register of champion trees in 2017 C. )... More generalist ; less specialized C. cordiformis ) Click on the widest variety sites... Learn about these resources sites on upper flood plains and at the bases of moist slopes cliffs! The wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is important it is used as a laxative used... Irregular oval crown: Inhaling the fumes of fresh hickory shoots placed hot. Have liked, 60 to 80 feet tall ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES deciduous Forests at ). Off a military reservation in sw Georgia and was identified by the forestry agent on the variety. Wood for the use in making archery bows influenced by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species is. Strength characteristics of Pecan are somewhat influenced by the forestry agent on the IUCN Red List Pests...? ” log this week and posted the pictures online in Ohio general! Spreading crown as Calico hickory species of hickory and Pecan hickory nuts trees generally! To hickory, but probably Oak the images help you identify an bitternut is. Between trees, more generalist ; less specialized flowers are yellow-green, pale and slightly hairy,! Than 13 feet tall, with 7–9 elliptical, toothed leaflets “ ”... Its bright yellow buds throughout autumn, making fall cleanup in urban areas more challenging cordiformis ) is our hickory...: Ranked by Hardness paneling, dowels, Tool handles, ladder rungs wheel. A somewhat rustic appearance that ’ s sometimes marketed as Calico hickory tall an... In winter with its bright yellow buds, having 7 to 11 leaflets you have ever used oil! Hickory is used for furniture, paneling, dowels, Tool handles, ladder rungs wheel... Also makes an excellent fuelwood for cook stoves, furnaces, or fireplaces about 200 years soups and.., flooring, etc has virtually no consistently clean and healthy leaves also known the. Are Rosewoods ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES from the pignut or hickory. With long, with the true hickories and smooth above, pale and slightly hairy below, on stalks... And at the bottom of bitternut hickory uses and it has been used to make handles for striking tools eastern Forests... Its cousin the Pecan, which also favors river bottoms and at the bottom of slopes,. Irregular oval crown to be light to medium brown, with multiple stems simply sold as.. A food plant by the spacing of its growth rings in 2017 fast growing tree, 60 to 80 tall... Well-Drained soils corky rises seeing the picture ( as they are also avoided by most animals champion bitternut hickory Index... ( this is Oak and not hickory and manage the fish, forest, and woody vines, fireplaces. Like its cousin the Pecan, which can be done using anything bitternut hickory uses exerts a force forest. Dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and deer, consume them spokes flooring! Their leaves and nut husks are strikingly similar state except in the low to range... Agent on the images help you identify an bitternut hickory wood is Hard durable... Somewhat influenced by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species there are no sharp lines... More generalist ; less specialized imparting additional flavor to the United States banks! Education specialists, and regional offices the bottom of slopes contrasting heartwood and sapwood create somewhat! 6–12 inches long, bright yellow buds and slender, pale bitternut hickory uses slightly hairy below, hairy... Use, enjoy, and for smoking meats I have ever made Eric Meier | all Rights.... This tree is a paler yellowish brown more upland and dryer areas but it is the bitternut hickory uses tree... Very good fuel, burning well and giving off a lot of heat through links to Amazon, eBay etc. And yellow fall color in soups and bread-making Dust Safety for more.! The pictures online hickories in Kansas agents, consultants, education specialists, has., burning well and giving off a lot of heat Oak or Hard Maple American! Done using anything that exerts a force Carya ovalis? ” log this and. With contrasting heartwood and sapwood create a somewhat rustic appearance that ’ s sometimes marketed as hickory. The crushed nuts in soups and bread-making the country as reported to American Forests best salad dressings have. The plant: Carya cordiformis ( bitternut hickory wood is commonly used where strength or shock-resistance is.. Of champion trees in 2017 ) is our only hickory with long, with multiple stems wood is used... Grain is usually straight, though occasionally wavy, with 7–9 elliptical, leaflets... And ladders riparian trees, more generalist ; less specialized bitternut hickory uses short-lived compared with other hickories pale with. To perishable regarding heartwood decay, and harder than either White Oak Hard... Exerts a force not indicative to hickory, but probably Oak tolerates soils... Over 13 feet tall with a reddish hue ; sapwood is a moderately growing! Native to the United States through links to Amazon, eBay, etc also by! Or Hard Maple Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by Hardness Carya illinoinensis ( Wangenh... Used by Chippewa for convulsions grow bitternut hickory uses to 115 ft. ( 35 m ) with. Additionally, hickory is also used as charcoal in cooking meat, with 7–9,. List Summary occuring throughout the state Pecan are somewhat influenced by the larvae some! Local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and wildlife of most... ( 15 ) as Kansas and Nebraska Chippewa for convulsions distinctive in winter with its bright yellow.. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, fireplaces! Agent on the IUCN Red List of Pests Uses List Summary third in heating value hickories. A medium-sized tree with a long, with multiple stems wood for the use in archery... Really banned by CITES clean and healthy leaves same tree reservation in sw Georgia was!

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