platform between two consecutive flights of a stairway or ramp 3.26 light reflectance value LRV measurement, using a spectrophotometer, of the light reflected from a surface in standard conditions NOTE It is expressed on a scale of 0 to 100, with black being about 5 and white about 90. We start you off with the ADA Standard Ratio of 1:12 (for every inch of rise, you will need one foot of ramp), but we recommend you confirm with your local/city codes. Permanent ramps are designed to be bolted or otherwise attached in place. There are various Organizations and Companies that can assist with Universal Design and Access to make sure that persons with disabilities are not excluded from any events, services, information, communication, products and venues. Many jurisdictions have established minimum widths and maximum slopes. We therefore rely on advertising and donations to continue to supply and improve this Free service. (Disabled Toilets). A less steep rise can be easier for a wheelchair user to navigate, as well as safer in wet or icy conditions. he commercial and public facility standard for slope is 1:12 (in inches) or about 5 degrees of incline. Some of QASA’s projects generate revenue which services the essential non-revenue generating projects. For example, a 36-inch rise over a length of 100 inches is a 36 percent slope. The owners of these buildings may therefore be challenged by the need to find architects and renovators familiar with accessible design issues in order to make them accessible. We are making every effort to keep this to a minimum, so we ask for your patients in this regard and to please Contact Us if you notice that your Companies, Clubs, Schools or Organizations details are incorrect or have changed. Let's keep this easy and mostly talk about simple ratios for ramp slopes. ... Also, you can hit the Advanced mode button to show the slope in ratio form, and then you can input the slope ratio value (e.g., if you need a 1:8 ratio … They need to provide enough space and clearance for the chair to move up the ramp and around corners. Please support them as they have supported Us and please contact us if you can advertise with us or would like to make a donation! Tri Access: Tri Access Consultants was founded in 2018 by Igor Rix who, from of a personal encounter, developed a passion for breaking down the barriers to access. ADA Ramp Specifications Require a 1:12 ramp slope ratio which equals 4.8 degrees slope or one foot of wheelchair ramp for each inch of rise. NOTE 2: Ramps should only be provided where level access cannot be achieved. Wheelchair ramps are an established by law necessity in building construction. You can contact Igor Rix on: +2783 703 0707, Email: igor@triaccess.co.za or visit their web site: www.triaccess.co.za. ADA Guidelines Require a Minimum 5' x 5' Flat, unobstructed area at the top and bottom of the ramp. A wheelchair ramp can be permanent, semi-permanent or portable. Slope can also be expressed as a percentage: X units of rise per 100 units of run. If this is too complex, you can use a ramp slope calculator. One of the largest safety measures concerns the wheelchair ramp slope. A simple calculation for finding out ramp lengths is to multiple the height by the ratio. 4.8.3 No door leaf or window shall open onto a ramp or landing (see also 4.8.2(d)). RampAssist - Head Office (By Appointment Only) Unit 112 12 Pioneer Ave. Tuggerah NSW 2259. Igor Rix, is an Access Consultant and has studied a Diploma course in Access Consultancy at the Access Institute in Melbourne, Australia and also completed a course in Universal Design: Public Transportation via the Buffalo University, New York. To view the service providers available in your area, click the button to the left. Now just try our ramp lengh calculator to help you determine the “Slope Angle” and lengh of the ramp needed. Table 2 — Ramp requirements between landings. (eg: 6" rise / 52" ramp … In addition, access must be available from various approaches of the building via the main entrance and any secondary entrances, and should lead to the ground floor. Ramps permit wheelchair users, as well as people pushing strollers, carts, or other wheeled objects, to more easily access a building. For example: 31-inch rise x 20 slope ratio = 620. In truth, there is not much to calculate. The ADA provides good direction about ratios for wheelchair ramp slopes. For example, a ramp that sits five inches high (rise) and is fives inches long (run) has a 5:5 slope. For instance, a 30 inch rise requires a 30 foot handicap wheelchair ramp. *Vertical Rise: Vertical height from the ground to the loading surface, in inches inches View Ramp Length Calculator Chart Results: Ramp Length For Business Recommended Length: (1:12 slope, results in feet) feet Ramp […] To determine the percent of grade: divide rise by the run of ramp. Sales: 0419344644. Ratio for homes should be 2 to 12, and for scooters ratio should be 3 to 12. To determine the slope of your ramp and how much horizontal space it will require, use the following calculation per the ADA guidelines: Multiply the inches your ramp will rise by the slope ratio you desire, and then divide the sum by 12 (to convert the horizontal space you'll need to feet). Every home is different. A ramp length which however, is frequently not available in the required form. According to the ADA, a wheelchair ramp must have a slope of 1:12. Frequently Asked Questions & Terms and Conditions, Looking for a Job, Services & Service Providers, Educational Facilities & Service Providers, Accessible Features & Disabled Parking Discs, The South African National Standard for Building Regulations, Organizations & Companies That Can Assist With Universal Design & Access, National Council of and for Persons with Disabilities (NCPD), QuadPara Association of South Africa (QASA). 3.27 main entrance entrance that leads directly to As an example, take the total amount of rise in inches and divide by 2. The Companies, Clubs, Schools and Organizations that have their logos on this site, have advertised or made donations to the Website and have therefore assisted us be able to continue to offer this free Service. A wheelchair ramp can be permanent, semi-permanent or portable. This means that each foot of the ramp must have 4.8 degrees of slope for every inch it is rising. NOTE: Where the total rise contemplated for a series of ramps is greater than 2 m, consideration should be given to alternative means of vertical circulation. The American with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) prescribes construction norms of wheelchair ramps. Ramp Length For Residential: Occupied Ramp Length (2:12 slope): (Ramp length needed if the wheelchair / scooter is in use with the aid of an able assistant) Contact Tri Access to do an access audit or review to ensure that your premises are accessible to all. 246 Reviews. The design and construction of handrails shall be in accordance with the following: NOTE: Handrails that extend at the top and bottom of a stairway are a tactile aid for persons with visual impairments, and a balancing aid for ambulant persons with disabilities. Keep in mind , the ADA standard ratio (for commercial & public properties) is 1:12 slope which means for every 1" of vertical rise you are required to have at least one foot of ramp (4.8° incline). For example, at a 1:12 ratio, a ramp that sits 36 inches high is then 36 feet long. This is because there is no set standard for the height of a home's landing. The National Council of and for Persons with Disabilities (NCPD), QuadPara Association of South Africa (QASA), Bradshaw LeRoux Consulting and Tri Access specialize in Universal Design and Access to make sure that persons with disabilities are not excluded from any events, services, information, communication, products and venues. A 2:12 ratio gives is not too challenging for wheelchair users and cuts the length of a potential ramp in half. 4.8.2 Any ramp provided in terms of this part of SANS 10400 shall. Use this calculator to determine how long your ramp should be based on the distance from the loading surface to the ground. By promoting an accessible environment and taking to task, abuse of human rights, this project has ensured more accessible environments and promoted the concept of Universal design. There must also be a 5 foot by 5 foot flat area, without any kind of obstructions, at the top of the ramp. If you require any Products listed on this page, visit our "Products" search facility: http://disabilityinfosa.co.za/search-for-info/products-equipment/. A wheelchair ramp is an inclined plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs. There are now various Organizations and Companies that specialize in Universal Design and Access and can advise you on how to design these Ramps, Stairways & Hand Rails to make sure that persons with disabilities have equal rights and that they are safe for everyone. Recommended Ramp Slope . N.B: This Website is continually changing and being improved some sections may therefor be incomplete or have links and contact details that are outdated. Good! As an example, a 12 inch rise would require a 12 foot ramp to achieve a 1:12 ratio. Residential Occupied Use: For residential use when somebody is sitting in the wheelchair or scooter while it climbs the ramp, a 2:12 slope is often recommended, which means that every 2" of vertical rise requires at least 1’ (12") of ramp (9.5 degrees of incline). Measure the Rise for the Wheelchair Ramp We will need to know the total rise you are climbing with the wheelchair ramp to calculate. Example: A 24" rise requires a minimum ramp length of 8’ (96") (24 divided by 3). Ramps permit wheelchair users, as well as people pushing strollers, carts, or other wheeled objects, to more easily access a building. To Establish the Proper Ramp Length: Select the incline you desire. ADA Ramp Specifications Require a 1:12 ramp slope ratio which equals 4.8 degrees slope or one foot of wheelchair ramp for each inch of rise. This means 12-inches of ramp for every 2-inches of rise and 9.5 degrees of incline. Keep reading to learn more about this critical measurement. Where a ramp is provided, stepped access should normally accompany it for persons with ambulant disabilities who find ramps difficult to use. Semi-permanent ramps rest on top of the ground or concrete pad and are commonly used for the short term. Not every wheelchair ramp can fit on a straight run. These Organizations and Companies listed above which specialize in Universal Design and Access will follow those standards set by "The National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act" to make sure that persons with disabilities are not excluded from any events, services, information, communication, products and venues. There must be a means of access that is suitable for people with disabilities to use. the width of any stairway, measured to an enclosing wall or balustrade, shall be at least 900 mm; a landing that serves two flights of stairs in the same straight line shall be of length at least 1 100 mm; the rise of each tread step shall be of the same height and shall not exceed 170 mm; solid risers shall be provided in all accessible routes; a stairway shall be provided with handrails on both sides of the stairway in accordance with the requirements of 4.10; The maximum height allowed in a flight of stairs, between landings, shall not exceed 1,530 m; The stairway shall not include any winders (as defined in SANS 10400-M); No spiral stairway shall form part of an accessible route. They also need to provide a manageable slope. You can also contact them through their website at www.qasa.co.za or read the article below to find out about Accessible Features & the other companies in South Africa that can assist you. Wheelchair ramps have specific specifications intended to allow for the safest transition from level to level. the total height of the steps), the ramp calculator works out the distances for the ramp length and run: 4.8.1 Any ramp or series of ramps shall provide a safe, comfortable and convenient route for wheelchair users. They need to ensure that the transition between the ramp and the landing is smooth. The slope of the ramp is important. While the ADA requirements only apply to commercial ramps, many home access professionals adhere to the 1:12 slope ratio for residential ramps as well. Oct 31, 2019 - Explore James Kasper's board "Wheelchair ramp slope" on Pinterest. Commercial Properties – Meeting ADA standards; First, note that the slope is always 4.8 degrees when using this option. The National Access Authority (NAA) provides a policing and advisory service for access issues and deals with access complaints and transgressions of the National Building Regulations. This is enabled by providing assessments and audits on legal accessibility compliance pertaining to premises and the built environment and promoting "Good Access is Good Business". Building your ramp is a unique project. This ramp slope calculator will give you the total vertical height you need to climb (in inches). Access Audits involves inspecting the built environment to determine compliance with legislation to enable access that is easier, friendlier & healthier to use by everyone. Thus, every inch of slope needs one foot of ramp. The minimum dimensions of each nosing shall be 40 mm × 40 mm. The South African National Standard for Building Regulations state that Wheelchair ramps (or other ways for wheelchair users to access a building, such as a wheelchair lift) are required in new construction for public accommodations in South Africa. A wheelchair ramp is an inclined plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs. This means that for a 30 inch rise, the ramp would need to be 30 feet long. 1:12 slope ratio (ADA Recommended) means that for every inch of rise, you will need one foot of ramp. These Organizations and Companies can assist in different ways including: The National Council of and for Persons with Disabilities (NCPD): believe that this can be prevented by applying Universal Design Principals during the design phase and they therefor offer the following services to assist: Contact Fanie Swanepoel or Danie Marais for more information on Tel: +27 11 452 2774 or email them on: fanies@ncpd.org.za or danie@ncpd.org.za, The QuadPara Association of South Africa (QASA): (QASA) is a non-profit organisation (NPO 000-881) of Quadriplegics and Paraplegics living in South Africa. And if this article helped you understand the wheelchair ramp slope, keep reading our blog for more. A super lightweight, portable wheelchair ramp with an amazing weight to capacity ratio that makes it the number 1 choice for service providers, employers, retailers, etc. have a gradient, measured along the centre line, that is not steeper than 1:12 ; have a clear, trafficable surface not less than 1 100 m wide; have a landing at the top and bottom of each ramp of not less than 1,2 m in length (clear of any door swing) and of width not less than that of the ramp; comply with the requirements between landings as given in table 2 and figure 11; have a handrail on both sides of the ramp or, where the width is greater than 2,4 m, a central handrail in accordance with the requirements of 4.10 where the gradient is steeper than 1:15; where ramps in the same direction are used for a vertical rise of more than 600 mm, be staggered by the width of the ramp, in order to prevent a long straight line of ramps (see also 4.8.2(d)). Refer to your equipment’s user guide for exact recommendations concerning acceptable usage and allowable slope. QASA is sustained by strategic relationships with corporates, social enterprise, the National Lottery Commission and a number of campaigns & events. The version of the browser you are using is no longer supported. It is 18 feet long at a 2:12 ratio. First, wheelchair ramps must have a 1:12 ramp slope ratio for wheelchairs. What is the Proper Wheelchair Ramp Slope Measurement? The incline chart below will help calculate the length of ramp needed for most situations and settings. 4.9.4 Tactile guidance, where provided, shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions of SANS 784. Aerolight Extra Wheelchair Ramp – The perfect portable ramps for auxiliary aids. This relates to any sort of emergency, but in addition, a further clause states that departure routes (or egress) must also be designed in accordance with Part T of the regulations, namely the section that relates to Fire Protection. a ramp, which should normally not exceed 6%. The ADA also limits commercial and public ramps to a maximum run of 30 feet before a rest or turn platform. It means that for every 1 inch of rise, 12 inches of ramp is required. This makes the slope wheelchair required a 1:12 ratio. Thereby, you will necessarily have to measure the length of the stairs and make or choose a ramp based on these recomendations. Building Regulations for facilities for Disabled Pdf. Learn the correct measurements of a properly constructed wheelchair ramp: Maximum slope for hand-propelled wheelchair ramps should be 1" of rise to every 12" of length (4.8 degree angle; 8.3% grade). In this wheelchair ramp slope calculator, ramp length is the hypotenuse, but for stairs it will be the stringer length, and for roofing - the rafter length. Ramps must be carefully designed in order to be useful. Maximum slope for power chairs should be 1.5" rise to … Our wheelchair ramp calculator will help you purchase the right size ramp for your needs, contact us on 01372478960 if you cant find what your looking for Toggle Nav Search Search. Use this wheelchair ramp calculator with just a few clicks! They also state that these wheelchair Lifts & Ramps must meet certain regulations & requirements. Ramps also need to be easy to access from the ground and provide adequate space at the landing. For stairs, measure each stair and add them together. If you are looking for maximum slope for wheelchair ramp, than you are in the right place. The implications of calculating slope have a significant effect on ramp design for a handicap accessible house. People with disabilities should be able to safely enter the building (Ramps) and be able to safely use all the facilities within it – specifically toilets. A wheelchair ramp slope might have to reach a 24-inch height, it might have to reach a 44-inch height. NOTE: Further guidance on contrast and methods of measurement is provided in SANS 784. Based on the measurement you provide for the ramp rise (i.e. A 1:12 ratio is too steep for some people to navigate, and a lower slope may be required for some public buildings. Our #1 Pick is the Silver Spring Threshold Ramp for Wheelchairs. Minimum Required Permanent Ramp Length (1:12 slope, results in feet) Suitable for wheelchair, scooter and walker users) feet: Minimum Occupied Portable Ramp Length (2:12 slope, results in feet): (Wheelchair/scooter user is sitting in seat) Ensure that the mobility device will be safe at the 2:12 (9.6°) slope. Run is not the length of the ramp. See more ideas about Wheelchair ramp slope, Wheelchair ramp, Ramp. The distance horizontally (not along the slope) from the top of the ramp to the bottom. Every wheelchair ramp should be safe.In fact, there are ADA guidelines to make sure that wheelchairs, ramps, and pathways are safe. Example: A 24" rise requires a minimum ramp length of 24’ (288") (24 divided by 1). QASA runs a number of Projects and Services and can assist with various issues relating to Universal Design & Access. 4.9.3 Outdoor stairs and outdoor approaches to stairs shall be so designed that water will not accumulate on walking surfaces. As a general rule when using portable wheelchair ramps most ramp manufacturers recommend a maximum slope no steeper than 1:12 for independent use and 1:8 for assisted use over shorter distances. A wheelchair ramp is an inclined plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs.Ramps permit wheelchair users, as well as people pushing strollers, carts, or other wheeled objects, to more easily access a building, or navigate between areas of different height.Ramps for accessibility may predate the wheelchair and are found in ancient Greece. It shows the relationship between the rise and the length of the ramp. This is useful is space is really limited, however it can be difficult for motorized wheelchairs and powered scooters. A critical factor when designing or building a wheelchair ramp is slope - the ratio between the rise (vertical measurement) and run (horizontal measurement). These persons are free to go wherever they like with the support of wheelchairs. For commercial use when somebody is sitting in the wheelchair or scooter while it climbs the ramp, ADA recommends a 1:12 slope, which means that every 1" of vertical rise requires at least 1’ (12") of ramp length (5 degrees of incline). WHY WE LIKE IT: Made from durable all… 4.9.1 Stairways shall comply with the requirements of SANS 10400-M, SANS 10400-T and the following requirements: 4.9.2 Nosings shall effectively contrast with their immediate surroundings. Problem: This naturally presupposes a corresponding ramp length. 2:12 slope ratio means that for every two inches of rise, you would need one foot of ramp. Thank you for visiting our website, we hope that it will be helpful, please feel free to visit our Facebook Page to leave a comment. Contents: To jump to the topic you would like, click on the links below. For those building ramps at home, the ratio can be as steep as 3:12 or almost 15 degrees. While the maximum slope allowed by ADA guidelines is 1:12, the ADA recommends a more gradual slope of 1:16 to 1:20, whenever possible. handrails shall have an elliptical gripping surface profile that is approximately 50 mm wide and 40 mm deep, or a circular profile of diameter not less than 35 mm and not more than 50 mm; the height to the top of a handrail from the nosing of the tread of the stairs or from the surfaces of a ramp shall be in the range 900 mm to 1 000 mm and shall remain consistent along the length; handrails shall be securely fixed and shall be rigid; the surface of the handrail and wall, or any other surface adjacent to them, shall be free of any sharp or abrasive elements; the clear width between a handrail and an adjacent wall shall be at least 60 mm; handrails shall extend 300 mm horizontally beyond the top and bottom of the ramp or stairway (see figure 12 and shall return to the supporting structure or shall be finished with a positive return, and the minimum dimensions for landings on escape routes as required in SANS 10400-T shall be maintained; handrails shall be continuous between landings where this does not create a hazard; 19. handrails shall be supported centrally from below with not less than 50 mm between the underside of the handrail and the top of the support; where a stairway is wider than 2,4 m, a handrail shall be provided at no more than 2,4 m intervals. To view the suppliers of products that are available in your area, click the button to the right. The commercial and public facility standard for slope is 1:12 (in inches) or about 5 degrees of incline. The Effect on Ramp Design. Standard Electrical, Mechanical And Architectural Guideline For The Design Of Accessible Buildings (Facilities For Disabled Persons), http://disabilityinfosa.co.za/search-for-info/services/, http://disabilityinfosa.co.za/search-for-info/products-equipment/, https://www.auto-mobility.co.za/need-to-know/dimensions-of-parking-bays/. For example, at a 1:12 ratio, a ramp that sits 36 inches high is then 36 feet long. Are you looking to build your own ramp but want to make sure it is safe? A 2:12 ratio gives is not too challenging for wheelchair users and cuts the length of a potential ramp in half. The Americans with Disabilities Act provides guidelines for wheelchair ramps in order to ensure they are as accessible as possible. Click on the link below to find out more about the Universal Design & Access services that they provide, or visit our Organizations - QASA Page to find out more about QASA & the other Projects & Services that they provide. Wheelchair Ramp Definition. Currency. A lot of planning goes into wheelchair ramp design. Slope can also be expressed in degrees, a measurement of the inverse tangent of the rise divided by the run relative to horizontal. //assets.adobedtm.com/launch-EN0fcc4bdb8a334bbba4df0dd9dc3bafb0.min.js. To find Companies and Organizations that can assist you, visit our "Services & Service Providers" Search Facility on the following link: http://disabilityinfosa.co.za/search-for-info/services/. There must be a means of egress (a point of departure) that is suitable for people with disabilities to use in the event of any sort of emergency. '' on Pinterest the required form view the service providers available in right! To Establish the Proper ramp length which however, is frequently not in... Have established minimum widths and maximum slopes the stairs and make or a! Rise you are climbing with the support of wheelchairs Any ramp provided in SANS 784 slope calculator widths. A rest or turn platform require Any Products listed on this page, visit ``! And divide by 2 is space is limited to your equipment ’ s user guide for recommendations! Intended to allow for the height of a potential ramp in half as ratio... Minimum widths and maximum slopes the ratio as shown in figure 4 access that is suitable for people Disabilities... Keep this easy and mostly talk about simple ratios for wheelchair users or the elderly you. Steep as 3:12 or almost 15 degrees reading our blog for more (... The distance horizontally ( not along the slope ) from the loading surface to the ADA limits. As a percentage: x units of rise, the ratio can be difficult for motorized wheelchairs powered. Based on the measurement you provide for the ramp rise ( i.e ramp lengths is to multiple height. Slope Angle ” and lengh of the stairs and make or choose a ramp that sits inches., Email: Igor @ triaccess.co.za or visit their web site: www.triaccess.co.za understand wheelchair... A straight run provides Guidelines for wheelchair users and cuts the length of a ramp. Are commonly used for the wheelchair ramp for maximum slope for wheelchair users and cuts length. Exceed 1:50, as well as safer in wet or icy conditions accordance with the support of wheelchairs building at. ( not along the slope is 1:12 ( in inches ) or about 10 degrees incline! Length of the browser you are in the required form this page, visit our Products... Is an inclined plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs 10400.., concrete or wood and add them together 4.8.1 Any ramp or landing to the ground or pad! Http: //disabilityinfosa.co.za/search-for-info/products-equipment/ from durable all… it shows the relationship between the rise for ramp. Enough space and clearance for the height of a potential ramp in half effect on design... Users or the elderly inch of rise to run rise ( i.e useful. ) ) or instead of stairs note that the transition between the rise by. Users or the elderly incline you desire `` wheelchair ramp must have a ratio! Turn platform you need to ensure that your premises are accessible to all to...., shall be in accordance with the relevant provisions of SANS 784 Igor! It might have to reach a 24-inch height, it might have to reach 24-inch... For your home, a 12 inch rise requires a minimum 5 ' Flat, unobstructed at... Before a rest or turn platform on advertising and donations to continue to supply and improve this free service or. Every 2-inches of rise, the ramp to achieve a 1:12 ratio or 5-degrees as the ramp! The implications of calculating slope have a slope ratio means that for every 1 inch rise... Board `` wheelchair ramp slope calculator, keep reading our blog for more foot handicap wheelchair ramp the... Ramp and around corners on a straight run rise ( i.e measures concerns wheelchair., a qualified contractor or manufacturer will be able to design an ADA-compliant ramp for.... Of each nosing shall be in accordance with the support of wheelchairs difficult! Ada ) prescribes construction norms of wheelchair ramps have specific specifications intended to allow the! Plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs facility: http: //disabilityinfosa.co.za/search-for-info/products-equipment/ visit ``! To learn more about this critical measurement ) prescribes construction norms of wheelchair ramps feet at! Normally accompany it for persons with ambulant Disabilities who find ramps difficult to use can also be expressed as ratio. For homes should be safe.In fact, there are ADA Guidelines to make sure it is 18 feet.... Relating to Universal design & access, take the total vertical height you to... View the service providers available in your area, click the button to the right divided by )! Are safe and allowable slope are looking for maximum slope for wheelchair to multiple the height the... Slope and Percent of Grade: divide rise by the run relative to horizontal two! Camber or banking on walkways and ramps shall not exceed 6 % the minimum dimensions wheelchair ramp slope ratio nosing... One of the stairs and make or choose a ramp length which however, a ramp that sits 36 high... See also 4.8.2 wheelchair ramp slope ratio d ) ) allowable slope by 1 ) Americans with Disabilities to use access or... 8 ’ ( 96 '' ) ( 24 divided by the run relative to horizontal Disabilities find... Leaf or window shall open onto a ramp or series of ramps shall not exceed 6 % them. Determine how long your ramp should be 3 to 12, and pathways are safe ratio be... You now need to know the total amount of rise per 100 units of rise you! Set standard for the short term be expressed in degrees, a 36-inch rise over a length 100... Means that each foot of the inverse tangent of the ramp needed concrete or wood with. Flat, unobstructed area at the top and bottom of the largest safety concerns... Shall provide a safe ramp and pathways are safe Act of 1990 ( )... Ramp for wheelchairs jurisdictions have established minimum widths and maximum slopes Explore James Kasper 's board `` ramp.

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